19 November 2015

Is the World Toilet Day. The theme for this year is Sanitation and Nutrition. The aim of WTD is to raise awareness about the people in the world who don’t have access to a toilet, despite the fact that it is a human right to have clean water and sanitation.

The effort of the WTD in 2015 was to draw the world’s attention to the importance of toilets in supporting better nutrition and improved health. WTD has been celebrated by the World Toilet Organisation since 2001. It was
later became an official UN day on 24 July 2013 as the 67th session of UN General Assembly approved it through
the Sanitation For All resolution. At present, the Day is coordinated by UNWater in collaboration with Governments
and relevant stakeholders.

16 November 2015

Is the International Day for Tolerance. The Day was observed globally with an aim to educate people about the need for tolerance in society and help them understand the negative effects of intolerance. In 1996, the United Nations
General Assembly (UNGA) by its resolution 51/95 invited UN Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November, with activities directed towards both educational establishments and the wider public. This action came in the wake of the United Nations Year for Tolerance 1995, proclaimed by the UNGA in 1993.

On 16 November 1995, the UNESCO member states adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the year.

12 November 2015

Is the World Pneumonia Day. The theme for this year is Every Breath Counts: Stop Pneumonia Now. The theme for 2015 conveys the urgency to stop pneumonia from claiming lives globally. At present, it is the biggest infectious killer of children under 5 accounting for 16 percent of deaths. Globally, around 9 lakh children will die from the disease in 2015 of which India will account for maximum deaths pegged at 178000.

10 November 2015

Is the World Science Day for Peace and Development. For 2015, the theme Science for a Sustainable Future is chosen against the backdrop of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as approved by the UN. World Science Day was created as follow-up to the World Conference on Science, organized jointly by UNESCO and the International Council for Science in Budapest (Hungary) in 1999.

24 October 2015

Is the World Polio Day. The day was observed to create awareness about the hazards of the crippling disease. It aims to increase awareness about polio virus and to encourage further actions to reduce it from spreading.

The commemoration of the day also highlights the success of global strategies in reducing the spread of the disease. The Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.

Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. Since then, GPEI has reduced polio worldwide by 99percent. Polio is a highly infectious disease which targets the nervous system and
can cause paralysis.

21 October 2015

Is the Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day. The day was observed across the world to create awareness of the need to prevent iodine deficiency. Almost one-third of world’s population is exposed to the risk of iodine deficiency disorders. Iodine deficiency is also the world’s single greatest cause of preventable mental retardation.

A diet low in iodine is the main cause of iodine deficiency. It usually occurs among populations living in areas where the soil has been depleted of iodine because of flooding, heavy rainfall or glaciations. Around 71 million people in India suffer from Iodine Deficiency Disorders.

A mapping of the risk showed that neither any state nor any union territory is completely free of the IDD risk with Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar being the worst hit. Iodine deficiency can lead to enlargement of the thyroid, hypothyroidism and mental retardation in infants and children whose mothers were iodine
deficient during pregnancy.