Doordarshan emerges mostwatched Hindi channel

Public broadcaster Doordarshan claimed that it has emerged as the most watched Hindi channel in terms of time spent per viewer ahead of top General Entertainment Channels. The “monumental development” comes in as
Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) released the much awaited All India viewership data, which includes rural India, for the very first time.
This indicates that after tuning to the channel, viewers preferred to continuously watch it for a longer duration of time rather than frequently switching the channels, as compared to other GECs. The channel also witnessed a significant rise in ratings and moved up to the 7th position in Hindi Speaking Markets.

Copying in Examination is a punishable crime in china

Students trying to copy in examinations in China will face a jail term of up to seven years as the government has brought about a new law making cheating a crime. The new law will make cheating on major exams in China a crime punishable with a jail sentence. Parents involved will also be seriously punished, according to the law. It is Punishable up to 7 years.

The amended criminal law stipulates that those who aid in cheating will be sentenced to three to seven years in prison and face penalties.The law also stipulates that people trying to impersonate during examinations will be detained by police.

Every year, China mobilises its security forces in a big way to prevent copying specially in the nationwide entrance test Gaokao in which nearly 10 million students took part last year.

The entrance determines the future of education and job opportunities of high school students. The Ministry of Education last year warned that cheating students would be stripped of the enrollment qualification for a period ranging from one to three years.

India to overtake US with 402 million Internet users

India to overtake US with 402 million Internet users by Dec 2015 –The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IMAI) and IMRB International reveals their findings in a report, ‘Internet in India 2015’. It suggests that India will overtake US and be the second-largest country having a large number of Internet users by this December. Currently, India has the third largest Internet user base in the world.

According to the findings, with a hike of 49 per cent as compared to last year, India will have 402 million Internet users by December 2015, while, the figure was 317 million, last month.

China having techobsessed citizens, is maintaining its position to the top with over 600 million Internet subscribers. “While Internet in India took more than a decade to move from 10 million to 100 million and 3 years from 100 to 200 million, it took only a year to move from 300 to 400 million users. Clearly, Internet is mainstream in India today.

The emerging market of Smartphone in India could be the reason of the exponential hike in the Internet user count throughout the country. As 94 per cent of urban users access the Internet with their handheld devices, this leads in a growth of 65 per cent of mobile Internet to reach 197 million subscribers.

While, only 64 percent users prefer desktops or laptops for browsing, across the country. Also, 90 percent of mobile Internet users consider it as a primary device to surf Internet.

It is also reported that Internet is majorly accessed for entertainment, Social networking and online communication, while only 24 per cent in urban regions and 5 per cent in rural areas it is being used for online shopping. In addition, it is being expected that the figures will further increase exponentially by the next year as it also suggested that non-users surveyed in the 35 cities as part of this study, 11.4 million of them are willing to access the Internet in the next one year, meanwhile, around 3.8 million of them were intending
to do so through Smartphone or tablets.

Global Tuberculois Report 2015 released by WHO

World Health Organization (WHO) released the twentieth Global Tuberculosis Report 2015 in Washington recently. The 2015 edition focuses on whether 2015 global TB targets set in the context of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were achieved worldwide and at regional and country levels.

According to the report, globally the prevalence of TB was reduced by half than what was in 1990. Moreover, effective diagnosis and treatment saved 43 million lives between 2000 and 2015 and resulted in fall in TB incidence by 1.5 percent per year since 2000, for a total reduction of 18%.

India with 23 percent of TB cases has the largest number of cases in the world and it accounted for 27 percent global TB notifications in 2014.

Highlights of the Report
• Globally, TB prevalence in 2015 was 42% lower than in 1990.
• The target of halving the rate compared with 1990 was achieved in three WHO regions, namely the Region of the Americas, the South- East Asia Region and the Western Pacific Region.
• The TB prevalence also halved in nine high-burden countries, namely Brazil, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, India,
Myanmar, the Philippines, Uganda and Viet Nam.
• In 2014, there was a marked increase in global TB notifications for the first time since 2007. The annual total of new TB cases, which had been about 5.7 million until 2013, rose to slightly more than 6 million in 2014 (an increase of 6%).
• About 1.5 million people (890000 men, 480000 women and 140000 children) died from TB in 2014, of which most of the deaths could have been prevented.
• Of the 1.5 million people killed by TB in 2014, 400000 were HIV-positive.The disease ranks alongside HIV as a
leading killer worldwide.
• About 4400 people are dying every day due to TB, at least in the era when the disease can be diagnosed and cured.
• More than half of the world’s TB cases (54%) occurred in China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Pakistan.
• India, Indonesia and China had the largest number of cases: 23%, 10% and 10% of the global total, respectively.
• Among new cases, an estimated 3.3% have multidrug-resistant TB (MDRTB), a level that has remained unchanged in recent years.
• If all of the TB cases notified in 2014 had been tested for drug resistance, an estimated 300000 would have been
found to have MDR-TB, with more than half of them (54%) occurring in India, China and the Russian Federation
• Of the 9.6 million people who fell ill with TB in 2014, 6 million (62.5%) were reported to national authorities. That means that, worldwide, more than a third (37.5%) of the cases went undiagnosed or was not reported to national authorities.
• Domestic funding accounts for more than 90% of the total funding in 2015 in three country groups: Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa (BRICS); upper-middleincome countries; and regions outside Africa and Asia.

Highlights about India
• India was part of the nine highburden countries where all three of the 2015 targets for incidence, prevalence and mortality were met.
• India accounted for 27% of global TB notifications in 2014.
• India that followed the introduction of a policy of mandatory notification in May 2012 saw a rise of 29 percent TB notifications.
• India with 23 percent of TB cases has the largest number of cases in the world.
• India is among the group of countries wherein more than half of the world’s TB cases occurred.
• India is one of three countries wherein more than half (54%) TB cases that were notified in 2014 had Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) – TB.

India’s GSAT-15 communication satellite launched successfully

Indigenously made communications satellite GSAT-15 was launched successfully by the European Ariane 5 VA-
227 launch vehicle. The launch took place from Kourou in French Guyana in South America. The 3164 kilogram GSAT-15 carries communication transponders in Kuband as well as a GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload operating in L1 and L5 bands.

An Arabsat communications satellite also accompanied the GSAT-15 on the same launch. The GSAT-15 was launched into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) after its co-passenger Arabsat-6B (BADR- 7) was injected into space. The Ariane-5 rocket was hired at a cost of approximately 581 crores rupees.

First satellite of EKS (Tundra) system launched by Russia

Russia successfully launched the first satellite for its newest early warning system, named EKS or Integrated Space System. The satellite was officially named Kosmos 2510 (Tundra 11L). The satellite was carried by a Soyuz-2.1b rocket from Site 43/4 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, located in Northern Russia.

This new-generation satellite is designed to restore Moscow’s capability to detect, track and identify worldwide missile launches from space. Tundra 11L satellite: RKK Energia, a Russian manufacturer of spacecraft an space station components, built the Tundra spacecraft. The satellite will be operated by the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.

It was delivered into a highly elliptical geosynchronous orbit, called a Tundra orbit. It features two deployable solar arrays. It will detect missiles launched from the sea as well as from the U.S. territory. EKS: EKS (Integrated
Space System) is a replacement for the USKMO and US-K satellites ofthe Oko programme.

These satellites identify ballistic missile launches from outer space and complement early warning radars such as the Voronezh. There are six Tundra satellites planned to be launched until 2020. The next Tundra mission is scheduled for 2016.

NASA award for Burst Prevention & Puncture Curative technology

A team of Indian scientist led by Sameer Panda from Odisha won the NASA award for an innovative technology named Burst Prevention & Puncture Curative (BPPC) technology. They won the award in the Create the Future Design Contest- 2015 conducted by NASA Tech Brief in New York. Tech Brief is a contest jointly organized by NASA
and Society of Automobile Engineers, International.

They won the award for Mild Run Flat Tyre based on BPPC technology and developed by TycheeJuno, a irm working on Disruptive and Breakthrough Innovation in technology mostly related to automotive division. The tyre is a multichambered tubeless tire with sealant inside the chamber to take care of puncture in tread and sidewall.

Interlinking of Indian Rivers

The author of the book is Radha Kant Bharati. The book based on a comprehensive research explains the social,
economic and commercial significance of linking of rivers in the country. It also discusses National Water Policy and
disputes over the sub-continent of India. The book also provides a platform for discussion regarding the prospects and problems in inter basin transfer of water in India.